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LET'S COUNT

 

 

Professional, Originally Released On Cassette Only

 

Game Type          : Educational; Ages 5-8

Author             : Michael Holt

Standalone Release(s)   : 1983: LET'S COUNT, Acornsoft/ASK, £9.95

Compilation Release(s)   : None

Stated compatibility    : Electron/BBC Dual Version

Actual compatibility    : Electron, BBC B, B+ and Master 128

Supplier            : A.S.K., London House, 68 Upper Richmond Road, LONDON SW15

Disc compatibility     : ADFS 1D00, CDFS 1D00, DFS 1D00

 

 

Instructions

LET'S COUNT provides a simple and attractive introduction to the numbers up to nine and the fundamental concepts involved in counting. Designed for the very young child, the games are colourful and easy to follow. The scenes, chosen to capture the child's imagination, include ships visiting islands, rockets flying from the moon, and a fairground stall. In the process of playing the child learns to count objects, match them to numerals, recognise their order and compare their magnitude.

 

In all A.S.K. programs

 

<RETURN> Remember: once you have typed in your response a program will

< icon > deal with it until you press the <RETURN> key.

 

<ESCAPE> You can always return to the beginning of a program by pressing

< icon > the <ESCAPE> key.

 

<DELETE> You can rub out anything typed in, before the <RETURN> key is

< icon > pressed, by using the <DELETE> key.

 

<_Hand_> Means : Please press the space bar to carry on with the program

< icon >

 

<   ?  > Means : the program did not expect the response it has just re-

< face > ceived. Perhaps there was a typing error? In any case, to carry

         on, just press the space bar and try again.

 

<CTRL>   All of our programs incorporate sound. There are various volume

         levels - holding down the <CTRL> key and pressing the <S> will

<S>      change the level - keep pressing the keys until you are happy

         with the volume.

 

Note: The program will not run on computers that have 0.1 operating systems.

 

Introduction

LET'S COUNT is a program which introduces young children to simple counting and the numbers up to nine. An adult or older child is needed to help get the program loaded, to select an appropriate episode for the young learner to work on, and to explain what to do. Thereafter, parent and child can work together, or if the child is confident enough, he or she can be left to get on with it, as long as help is close at hand.

 

There are four different episodes to choose from: matching numbers of objects; matching numbers of objects to the numerals 1, 2, 3, etc.; ordering numbers; and an introduction to the ideas of more than, less than and equality.

 

Only two of the keys on the Electron computer are used by the child. They are the space bar, the largest key of all, and the <RETURN> key. The child isn't expected to be able to read the word <RETURN> which is printed on the key, but, with the help of an adult or other child, will soon remember where it is. As the rest of the keys on the keyboard are ignored, it can do no harm if another key is pressed by accident.    

 

How to use it

Remember that there should be an adult or older child present to help the child select the game to be played. The first menu displayed after loading asks which range of numbers is required, 1-3, 0-4, 5-9 or 0-9. 1-3 is the easiest level as there is only a choice of 1, 2 or 3 objects to match, 0-4 introduces the idea of no objects, and 5-9 introduces larger numbers. At the top end of the scale the numbers 0-9 are all brought into the same game. Select the range using a, b, c or d and

press the <RETURN> key.

 

The game selection menu now appears. Bear in mind while choosing that Treasure Island is easier than Space Stations, Space Stations is easier than Roll-a-Ball and Roll-a-Ball is easier than Which-Way, in terms of the educational concepts being introduced. Once the selection a, b, c or d has been made, and the <RETURN> key has been pressed, the program will go into one of the four games.

 

Whenever the <hand_icon> symbol appears during these four games, just press the space bar when you are ready to continue.

 

The Four Games

A. Treasure Island

The sea, and then a number of islands (3 for range 1-3, 5 for the other ranges) are displayed. A number of treasure chests then appear on each island, and a ship will appear in the top right hand corner of the screen. The ship has a number of shields on its side, and the child should direct the ship to the island with the corresponding number of treasure chests. This is done by pressing the space bar - each press moves the ship to another island. When the child is satisfied that the number of shields on the ship matches the number iof chests on the island, the <RETURN> key should be pressed. If the child is right, there is a suitable reward. When ready, press the space bar for a new ship. If a mismatch has been made then the play continues with the same ship for one more go; another mismatch causes a new ship to appear.

 

B. Space Stations

Here, the number shapes - numerals - are introduced. They appear on space stations in the sky. On the moon below, a rocket with dark windows appears. The child has to send the rocket to the space station with the numeral corresponding to the number of windows on the rocket. The play is the same as that for Treasure Island; use the space bar to move the rocket and the <RETURN> key to launch it, ie there were three windows on the rocket the child should point it at the space station with three on it and press the <RETURN> key. A match results in a suitable reward, a mismatch leaves the same rocket for one more go; another mismatch causes a new rocket to appear.

 

C. Roll-A-Ball

This game starts by drawing the Roll-a-Ball scene. The aim is to sort the numbers displayed on the plates into ascending order as follows. Select the plate with the lowest number, line the ball up with it using the space bar, and roll the ball by pressing <RETURN>. If it is the lowest, its number is then transferred to the bell score. The game proceeds like this, until all of the plates have been knocked down correctly. If, at any point, a wrong selection is made the bell score returns to zero and all the plates reappear in the same order as before, ready to be sorted again.

 

D. Which Way

Before the game starts, another menu is displayed. The choice is for two or three way decision-making. Two way gives the player two unequal sets of objects to compare. The three way choice additionally gives the option of having an equal number of objects. Press 2 or 3 and then the <RETURN> key. The screen now shows a hopper with two or three chutes depending on the decision just made. Each chute is labelled, and the child has to count the numbers of red and blue objects in the hopper. The space bar should be pressed to make the pointer aim down each of the chutes in turn. When the player has decided which way the objects should go, the <RETURN> key should be pressed. If the decision is correct the objects fall down the chute; if the player makes an incorrect choice then the scene remains the same and the decision has to be made again. After two incorrect decisions the objects will get reordered into lines at the top to help the child decide.

 

Educational Notes

This program introduces the fundamental ideas of matching, one-to-one correspondence, cardinality and ordering. It should be used as a learning instrument alongside as much practical counting activity as possible. The infact will probably recognise the number symbols (numerals), written and spoken, from television, street signs and so forth, but it helps to implant the meaning of these conventional signs if the infant plays games of counting with toys or household items or with the special apparatus that is available to reception classes and playschools.

 

When introducing counting it is important to stress that 2 is one more than 1, 3 is one more than 2, and, later, that 1 is one more than 0. In short, one must emphasise the 'nextness' property inherent in the counting numbers. This is what makes numbers harder for infants to handle than might be supposed from their simply learning to count aloud. Nevertheless, infants can gain fluency in saying the number words (whether they understand their meaning or not) from traditional counting rhymes, such as "One, two, buckle my shoe," and so on.

 

It is also advisable to make evident to the infact that the last number in the sequence 'one, two, three' (for example) gives the 'number' of the set being counted. Once upon a time shepherds, when asked how many sheep they had in their flock, did not answer with a simple number, the total, but counted all the way up from 1 up to the total! Naming the last number in the count, thus avoiding the tiresome process of counting all the way, was an invention of great economy and power. We should not expect the infact to make the same mental leap unaided.

 

Finally it is essential to make sure that the infact literally touches with its finger the things being counted. This helps avoid the common error of counting things twice or missing things out.

 

Adults might remind themselves that there is nothing inherently 'fivish' about our numeral '5'! Any more than there is, to our eyes, in the Urdu inverted heart shape, the Latin V, the early Greek E, or the modern arabic. We must also bear with infants who, when they do come to write numerals, often write them back to front. Our strange symbols for numbers have to be learnt!

 

 

Instructions' Source   : LET'S COUNT (Acornsoft/ASK) Mini-manual and back inlay

 

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